History of Osteopathic Medicine

  • Andrew Taylor Still, a physician in Baldwin City, Kan., during the time of the Civil War, became disillusioned with contemporary medical remedies that involved such nefarious practices as bleeding, purging and drugging.Andrew Taylor Still, DO

    For 10 years, he studied, observed and experimented, and in 1874, he unveiled a new medical philosophy – a philosophy that emphasized the revolutionary concepts of holism, prevention and manipulation. He named this philosophy osteopathic medicine.

    In 1892, Still founded the first osteopathic medical school, the American School of Osteopathy, in Kirksville, Mo. The school, which still exists, is known as A.T. Still University of Health Sciences. In 1916, the Kansas City College of Osteopathy and Surgery (KCCOS) was founded, which later was renamed Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences, making KCU one of the oldest osteopathic medical schools.